Charles X

(1757-1836)
   king of France
   The grandson of louis XV and the younger brother of louis XVI and louis XV III, Charles, known as the count of Artois until he became king, was born at Versailles. In 1773, he married Marie-Thérèse of savoy, with whom he had two sons (the dukes of angoulême and of berry). Greatly attached to the ideas of the ancien regime and to the principle of royal absolutism, he was generally disliked and, at the beginning of the revolution of 1789, became one of the leaders of the émigrés. At first, Charles was active with the counterrevolutionary forces, but then, in 1795, he went to England, where he remained until 1814. After the RESTORATiON,he returned to France to serve as lieutenant-general of the kingdom and became a leader of the ultras. upon the death of his brother King Louis xV III in 1824, he became king and began his reign by being crowned at Reims, the historic site of royal coronations, in the tradition of the ancien régime. Charles's rule was characterized by reactionary and autocratic policies. Favoritism was shown to the Roman Catholic Church and to the aristocracy, and conservative ministers were put in charge of the government (see jean-baptiste de villèle, jean-BAPTISTE DE MARTIGNAC, JULES DE POLIGNAC). Subsequently, liberal opposition to the regime intensified. After the suppression of freedom of the press and other liberties by Charles's government, particularly as stipulated in the Ordonnances de Saint-Cloud, the people, on July 29, 1830, rose up. The resultant revolution of July 1830 forced Charles to abdicate. His overthrow marked the end of Bourbon rule, with that dynasty being succeeded by the house of orléans. Charles spent his remaining years in exile in Britain and later on the Continent.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Charles X — de France Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles X (homonymie). Charles X …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles — ist ein männlicher Vorname, der auch als Familienname in Gebrauch ist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Familienname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles I — may refer to: In Kings and Emperors: Charles I, Holy Roman Emperor or Charlemagne (742–814) Charles I of Naples, King of Sicily (1226–1285) Charles I of Hungary, King of Hungary (1288–1342) Charles I of Bohemia or Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles II — may refer to: Charles the Bald (823–877), king of the West Franks and Holy Roman Emperor Charles II of Naples (1248–1309) Charles II of Alençon (1297–1346) Charles II of Navarre (1332–1387) Charles II, Duke of Lorraine (1390–1431) Charles II,… …   Wikipedia

  • CHARLES II — (1630 1685) roi d’Angleterre (1660 1685) Fils aîné du roi décapité, privé du trône d’Angleterre en 1649, chassé en 1651 de l’Écosse qui l’avait reconnu roi en janvier de la même année, Charles doit mener une longue vie d’exilé, plus ou moins… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charles — Charles1 [chärlz] n. [Fr < ML Carolus or Gmc Karl, lit., full grown; akin to OE ceorl, CHURL] a masculine name: dim. Charley, Charlie, Chuck; var. Carl, Karl; equiv. L. Carolus, Ger. Carl, Karl, It. Carlo, Sp. Carlos, Du. Karel; fem. Charlene …   English World dictionary

  • CHARLES VI — (1685 1740) empereur germanique (1711 1740) Frère cadet de l’empereur germanique Joseph Ier, l’archiduc Charles avait été destiné dès son plus jeune âge à régner sur l’Espagne, puisque le dernier Habsbourg d’Espagne, Charles II, était… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charles IV — may refer to: Charles IV of France, the Fair (1294–1328) Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1316–1378) Charles IV of Navarre (1421–1461) Charles IV, Duke of Anjou (1436–1481) Charles IV of Alençon (1489–1525) Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and IV of… …   Wikipedia

  • CHARLES X — (1757 1836) roi de France (1824 1830) Né à Versailles le 9 octobre 1757, Charles était le quatrième fils du dauphin Louis (fils de Louis XV, mort en 1765 sans avoir régné). À la cour de Versailles, la vie du jeune comte d’Artois (tel était son… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charles V — may refer to: Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (1500 – 1558), also Charles I of Spain Charles V of Naples (1661 – 1700), better known as Charles II of Spain Charles V of France (1338 – 1380), called the Wise Charles V, Duke of Lorraine (1643 – 1690) …   Wikipedia

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